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Original Article / VOLUME 1, ISSUE 1, APRIL 2019

The Factors Affecting Specialty Preference and Job Satisfaction of Medical Residents

Yusuf Kuzukıran and others

Job satisfaction refers to fulfillment of the employees’ expectations of their work, the physical environment and the working atmosphere. On the grounds that it is an emotional concept, its perception may differ individually. However, it can still be evaluated with specifically designed (...) Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 1, ISSUE 1, APRIL 2019

The effectiveness of the Culture for Dientamoeba fragilis from the Stool

Özgür Kurt and others

Dientamoeba fragilis is an intestinal protozoon classified among the flagellates inhabiting in the caecum and colonic lumen of humans. It has long been regarded as a commensal microorganism until when clinical reports indicate its association with gastrointestinal and dermatological case. Laboratory diagnosis of D. fragilis infections has long been limited to (...) Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 1, ISSUE 1, APRIL 2019

Safety of a Carbapenem-Sparing Approach as Part of an Antibiotic Stewardship Program, in a Setting with Increased Carbapenem Resistance

Anna-Arbana Makina and others

Over the last two decades, the rates of carbapenem-resistant (CR) pathogens have increased dramatically in Greek hospitals, with Klebsiella pneumoniae as the most worrisome representative (1). According to the recent European Annual Surveillance Report from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), Greece ranks first in Europe, with the highest percentage of (...) Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 1, ISSUE 1, APRIL 2019

Identification and assemblage types of Giardia duodenalis from patients in Thrace, Turkey

Şadiye Kaplan Küçük and others

The genus Giardia includes six species based on the morphological features of trophozoite and cyst forms. Of these, Giardia varani is found from water monitor Varanus salvator, while Giardia agilis, Giardia ardeae and Giardia psittaci, Giardia microti and Giardia muris, and Giardia duodenalis from amphibians, birds, rodents, and mammals, respectively. Giardia duodenalis (...) Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 1, ISSUE 2, AUGUST 2019

Ombitasvir/ Paritaprevir/ Ritonavir + Ribavirin Combination Therapy in Hepatitis C Virus Infected Patients with Genotype 4 in Real-life Practice: A Multicentre Experience

Bilgehan Aygen and others

About 170-200 million people are known to be infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) worldwide. Chronic hepatitis C (CHC) infection carries risks of hepatic fibrosis, cirrhosis, portal hypertension, liver failure, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (1-4). Chronic HCV infection is an important health problem in Turkey (5-10). In Turkey, among HCV infections, genotype 1b was reported to be the most common one (90%), while [...] Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 1, ISSUE 2, AUGUST 2019

The Knowledge, Attitudes and Beliefs of the Healthcare Workers about Influenza Infection and Vaccination at a Public Hospital in Turkey

Ezgi Gülten and others

Seasonal influenza is an important cause of mortality, particularly in immunocompromised and elderly patients, children, pregnant and postpartum women. Iuliano et al. estimated that each year 291,243 to 645,832 deaths are attributed to seasonal influenza. Turkey is located in the northern hemisphere; therefore, the majority of the influenza cases occur between October and [...] Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 1, ISSUE 2, AUGUST 2019

Genotyping and Antifungal Susceptibility of Trichosporon asahii Strains Isolated from the Clinical Samples in a University Training and Research Hospital in Turkey

Sinem Ayaz and others

Even though Candida albicans is the most isolated fungus from clinical specimens, in recent years, there has been an increase in isolation of non-Candida spp.including Trichosporon asahii. T. asahii is an arthroconidial yeast belonging to the Trichosporonaceae family of the Basidiomycota phylum taxonomically. It can be found in nature as well as in [...] Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 1, ISSUE 2, AUGUST 2019

Multiple Nodular Lesions in Spleen and Liver in Visceral Leishmaniasis

Selda Sayın Kutlu and others

Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is one of the important life-threatening infectious diseases worldwide. The highest prevalence of VL is in Brazil, East Africa and in South-East Asia, with an estimate of 50,000 to 90,000 new cases each year. VL is an anthroponotic and zoonotic disease. While [...] Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 1, ISSUE 2, AUGUST 2019

Pattern of Antibiotic Prescriptions in Dentistry in Turkey: Population Based Data from the Prescription Information System

Mehtap Aydın and others

Antibiotics are the most widely prescribed drugs in dentistry. Irrational use of antibiotics (IUA) is common in Turkey and other countries. However, IUA leads to the development of antibiotic resistance, which can significantly affect the quality health care and increase the cost. Emerging [...] Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 1, ISSUE 3, DECEMBER 2019

Public Knowledge and Attitudes Regarding Antibiotic Use in Ankara, Turkey

Alpay Azap and others

The discovery of antibiotics has been a milestone for the treatment of infectious diseases. However, soon after antimicrobials came into use, it has been recognized that microorganisms become resistant. Antimicrobial resistance decreases the number of treatment options available in infectious diseases. Currently, antimicrobial resistance has become an issue […] Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 1, ISSUE 3, DECEMBER 2019

Rapid Detection of Difficult-to-Culture Bacterial Pathogens Using Real-time Nanopore Sequencing

Aycan Gündoğdu and others

Infectious diseases are the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Current diagnosis of clinically significant infectious agents is based on a variety of laboratory-based tests including microscopy, culture, immunoassays and nucleic acid amplification. The majority of these techniques relies on conventional culture-based profiling […] Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 1, ISSUE 3, DECEMBER 2019

The Seroprevalence of Anti-Hepatitis E IgG Antibodies in Blood Donors in The Greater Romagna Area, Italy

Anna Pierro and others

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) represents one of the major cause of acute viral hepatitis worldwide, according to the WHO, one-third of the world population has been exposed to HEV. In Europe, there is extensive evidence indicating that HEV is prevalently transmitted by the ingestion of pork and wild boar raw meat, however, [...] Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 2, ISSUE 1, APRIL 2020

Do Turkish Gynecologists and Obstetricians recommend pregnant women the influenza vaccine?

İrem Akdemir Kalkan and others

Influenza is a systemic infectious disease. Many groups, including patients with concomitant chronic heart and lung diseases, immunosuppressed individuals, people over 50 years old, and all health staff are considered at-risk groups for influenza. Pregnant women are particularly considered to be at a higher risk. Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 2, ISSUE 1, APRIL 2020

First Presentation of the Complete Infection Cycle of Visceralizing Leishmania infantum/ donovani Hybrid Strain in Turkey: The Host, Reservoir and Vector

Ahmet Özbilgin and others

Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) is a widespread infectious disease of the reticuloendothelial system which is mostly caused by Leishmania infantum (L. infantum) and L. donovani in the Old World. The disease is endemic in many parts of the world, and estimated cases of VL have reached 300,000 globally with a high rate of HIV co-infection, and over Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 2, ISSUE 1, APRIL 2020

Comparison of Coombs Gel Test with ELISA and Standard Tube Agglutination Tests Used in Serological Diagnosis of Brucellosis

Çiğdem Akalan Kuyumcu and others

Brucellosis is a zoonotic infectious disease caused by Gram-negative bacteria of the genus Brucella, which is transmitted from animals to humans by direct and indirect pathways. Brucellosis can be confused with various infectious and non-infectious diseases because of its nonspecific clinical signs and symptoms such as fever, sweating, Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 2, ISSUE 2, AUGUST 2020

HIV as a Chronic Disease: Are Primary Care Physicians Ready?

Özgür Can Eren and others

In 2019, more than 36 million people were estimated to be harboring HIV, and the epidemic caused 39 million deaths worldwide to date.  New adult infections have been declined by 17% between 2007 and 2017 globally. Meanwhile, the incidence has an Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 2, ISSUE 2, AUGUST 2020

Antimicrobial Resistance and Molecular Patterns in Community-acquired Complicated Intra-abdominal Infections: A Multicentric Study

Vildan Avkan-Oğuz and others

Complicated intra-abdominal infection (cIAI) is defined as localized or diffuse peritonitis with the involvement of multiple intraperitoneal organs. Source control and appropriate empirical antibiotics are essentials of the treatment. There are few clinical and microbiologic studies regarding cIAI in Turkey. Empiric antibiotics were selected due to diagnoses; community-acquired IAI (CA-IAI) or healthcare-associated IAI. Guidelines published on this topic lack definitive criteria for CA-IAI. Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 2, ISSUE 2, AUGUST 2020

Outcomes of COVID-19 Patients Hospitalized in a University Hospital, Turkey

Zeynep Türe and others

In December 2019, Wuhan city, the capital of Hubei province in China, became the center of an outbreak of pneumonia of unknown cause. By Jan 7, 2020, Chinese scientists had isolated a novel coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2; previously known as 2019-nCoV), from these Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 2, ISSUE 2, AUGUST 2020

The Risk of SARS-CoV-2 Infection among Healthcare Workers

Bahar Madran and others

A new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) appeared at the end of 2019 in China and spread widely throughout the world. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a new respiratory disease, and its pandemic has affected more than seven million people all around the world. The first COVID-19 case in Turkey was detected on Read More