Bacterial Infections

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Original Article / VOLUME 4, ISSUE 3, SEPTEMBER 2022

Gardnerella vaginalis: Is it an Underestimated Cause of Urinary Symptoms in Males?

Mert Kılıç and others

Gardnerella vaginalis is an anaerobic, gram-negative/variable, small, pleomorphic microorganism. The jury is still out about the clinical significance of G. vaginalis. It is the predominant microorganism in women with vaginosis and also can be isolated from a vaginal secretion of 40-50% of asymptomatic women . On the other hand, male genitourinary tract infections (...) Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 4, ISSUE 3, SEPTEMBER 2022

Risk Factors for Mortality in Patients with Stenotrophomonas maltophilia Bloodstream Infections in Immunocompetent Patients

Şirin Menekşe and others

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a Gram-negative, non-fermentative aerobic bacterium that infects patients, especially with severe comorbidities such as hematological malignancies. It is commonly found in the environment and hospital settings. The most common clinical presentations are pneumonia and bloodstream infections (...) Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 4, ISSUE 2, JUNE 2022

Factors Associated with Gram-Negative Bacteremia and Mortality in Neutropenic Patients with Hematologic Malignancies in a High-Resistance Setting

Caglayan Merve Ayaz and others

The number of patients with hematological malignancies (HMs) and those undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has been on rise during the last three decades. Febrile neutropenia (FN) is the most common complication in this specific patient group and requires urgent intervention. Bacteremia […] Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 4, ISSUE 2, JUNE 2022

Necrotizing Fasciitis: Evaluation of 85 Cases and Usage of LRINEC Score

Ebru Oruç and others

Necrotizing fasciitis (NF), one of the necrotizing soft tissue infections, is an infection that primarily involves subcutaneous adipose tissue, which consists of superficial fascia, vascular and neural structures, and involves in deep fascia and progresses with mortality. It may be difficult to differentiate (...) Read More

Case Report / VOLUME 4, ISSUE 2, JUNE 2022

Scrub Typhus with Multi-Organ Dysfunction Syndrome and Immune Thrombocytopenia: A Case Report

Isak Lallawmkima and others

Scrub typhus is a mite-borne infectious disease caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, a gram-negative intracellular bacterium. It is a severe public health problem that affects mainly Asia-Pacific areas. Scrub typhus threatens one billion people and causes illness worldwide each year. Scrub typhus is prevalent in many parts of India, but specific data are not (...) Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 4, ISSUE 2, JUNE 2022

Nasopharyngeal Carriage and Serotype Distribution of Streptococcus pneumoniae in Elderly: A Cross-sectional Study in Turkey

Muammer Çelik and others

Invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae is an important cause of morbidity and mortality among young children and adults 65 years and older. S. pneumoniae is one of the most important causes of serious diseases, such as pneumonia, meningitis, and bacteremia. According to 2018 surveillance data from US Centers for Disease (...) Read More

Case Report / VOLUME 3, ISSUE 3, DECEMBER 2021

Listeria Bacteremia: Don’t Underestimate Gastroenteritis in Elderly

Halime Araz and others

Listeria monocytogenes is a rare, self-limiting cause of gastroenteritis in healthy adults. It is generally transmitted through foods such as meat, raw vegetables, milk, and dairy products. It can cause life-threatening invasive infections in (...) Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 3, ISSUE 1, APRIL 2021

The Impact of C Reactive Protein in Prediction of the Outcome in Infective Endocarditis

Serap Şimşek-Yavuz and others

Infective endocarditis (IE), among the most common life-threatening infection, is a serious disease causing substantial morbidity and mortality. Determining at-risk patients and following them up closely with appropriate interventions are necessary to decrease complications and mortality. Treatment response to infective endocarditis is followed up with the combination of relief of symptoms, blood cultures, echocardiographic investigations and laboratory tests. A simple and widely available test Read More

Case Report / VOLUME 3, ISSUE 1, APRIL 2021

Tick Borne Disease Induced Pancytopenia

Mina Said and Ekta Tirthani

Pancytopenia has a wide differential diagnosis. One of the uncommon and often missed causes is tick-borne illnesses, mainly Human Monocytic Ehrlichiosis (HME) / Human Granulocytic Anaplasmosis (HGA) and Babesiosis, though the specific mechanism of the former is still unknown. Noteworthy to mention is that the tests for tick-borne diseases so far have poor validity, and also Read More

Brief Report / VOLUME 3, ISSUE 1, APRIL 2021

Analysis of Scientific Publications on Acinetobacter bacteremia in Web of Science

Sevil Alkan and others

Acinetobacter species are gaining resistance to antibiotics, and they have become one of the most important pathogens causing nosocomial and healthcare-associated infections, especially in intensive care units, due to their ability to lead to epidemics. A. baumannii, particularly the multidrug-resistant isolates, have been reported worldwide, especially in recent years. It causes mortality up to 40%, especially because of increased antibiotic resistance Read More

Case Report / VOLUME 2, ISSUE 3, DECEMBER 2020

Old but Ageless Disease: Neurosyphilis with Ocular Manifestations in an HIV-Negative Patient

Süda Tekin and others

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by Treponema pallidum . Primary and secondary syphilis increased to a rate of 5.3 cases per 100 000 in 2013 from the rate of 2.1 per 100 000 in 2000. Neurosyphilis is the most feared and severe complication of syphilis and may occur at any time after the initial infection. Read More

Case Report / VOLUME 2, ISSUE 3, DECEMBER 2020

Bacterial Meningitis Complicated by Venous Sinus Thrombosis: a Case of a Pregnant Woman

Petek Konya and Neşe Demirtürk

Bacterial meningitis is a severe infectious disease resulting in high mortality and morbidity throughout the world. The causative pathogens of bacterial meningitis depend on the patient’s age and predisposing factors such as after splenectomy or with a hyposplenic state, chronic kidney or liver disease, HIV infection, alcoholism, hypogammaglobulinaemia, diabetes mellitus and patients using immunosuppressive drugs. Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 2, ISSUE 2, AUGUST 2020

Antimicrobial Resistance and Molecular Patterns in Community-acquired Complicated Intra-abdominal Infections: A Multicentric Study

Vildan Avkan-Oğuz and others

Complicated intra-abdominal infection (cIAI) is defined as localized or diffuse peritonitis with the involvement of multiple intraperitoneal organs. Source control and appropriate empirical antibiotics are essentials of the treatment. There are few clinical and microbiologic studies regarding cIAI in Turkey. Empiric antibiotics were selected due to diagnoses; community-acquired IAI (CA-IAI) or healthcare-associated IAI. Guidelines published on this topic lack definitive criteria for CA-IAI. Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 2, ISSUE 1, APRIL 2020

Comparison of Coombs Gel Test with ELISA and Standard Tube Agglutination Tests Used in Serological Diagnosis of Brucellosis

Çiğdem Akalan Kuyumcu and others

Brucellosis is a zoonotic infectious disease caused by Gram-negative bacteria of the genus Brucella, which is transmitted from animals to humans by direct and indirect pathways. Brucellosis can be confused with various infectious and non-infectious diseases because of its nonspecific clinical signs and symptoms such as fever, sweating, Read More