Bacterial Infections

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Case Report / VOLUME 1, ISSUE 1, APRIL 2019

Rhombencephalitis with Listeria monocytogenes

Aslıhan Yerlikaya and others

Listeriosis is a primarily foodborne but preventable disease caused by Listeria monocytogenes, a gram positive, facultative anaerobic and non-spore forming bacillus that is ubiquitous in soil and water. L. monocytogenes was isolated and described in laboratory pigs and rabbits by Murray for the first (...) Read More

Review Article / VOLUME 1, ISSUE 3, DECEMBER 2019

Splenic Actinomycosis in a Patient with Chronic Granulomatous Disease: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Çağlayan Merve Ayaz and others

Actinomycosis, a chronic granulomatous condition, is caused by Actinomyces spp., a gram-positive anaerobic bacterium. Actinomyces spp. usually inhabit oral, gastrointestinal and female genital tract. The disease commonly manifests as slowly progressive cervicofacial (50% of cases), thoracic and pulmonary (15-20% ) or abdominopelvic (about 20% ) infection. Immunosuppression […] Read More

Review Article / VOLUME 1, ISSUE 3, DECEMBER 2019

Infections Caused by Extended-Spectrum β-lactamase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae: Clinical and Molecular Epidemiology and Treatment Strategies

Abdullah Tarık Aslan and Murat Akova

Origins, characteristics and classification of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) Currently, beta-lactamase family includes more than 2800 unique proteins. Although varied types of beta-lactamases have been specified to date, they have common topographic structures consisting of alpha-helices and beta-plated sheets. They most probably originated from environmental sources and produced against naturally occurring […] Read More

Visual Case Presentation / VOLUME 2, ISSUE 1, APRIL 2020

Acute Loss-of-consciousness in Patient with Relapsing Candidemia and Bacteremia

Adnan Vural and others

Varicella-zoster virus A 43-year-old female patient underwent several abdominal surgeries including a liver hydatid cyst operation (34 years ago); Roux-N-Y anastomosis plus hepaticojejunostomy plus cholecystectomy (27 years ago); and  left salpyngectomy plus lower intestinal resection and end-to-end anastomosis (16 months ago). Read More

Case Report / VOLUME 2, ISSUE 1, APRIL 2020

Typical Evolution of a Cutaneous Anthrax Lesion

Cansu Çimen

Anthrax is a zoonotic infection mainly affecting herbivores and caused by Bacillus anthracis. Humans can contract the disease after direct or indirect exposure to animals or animal products. Human-to -human transmission has never been reported. Worldwide, most of the cases are among persons who come in contact with animals in agricultural regions of south and central Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 2, ISSUE 1, APRIL 2020

Comparison of Coombs Gel Test with ELISA and Standard Tube Agglutination Tests Used in Serological Diagnosis of Brucellosis

Çiğdem Akalan Kuyumcu and others

Brucellosis is a zoonotic infectious disease caused by Gram-negative bacteria of the genus Brucella, which is transmitted from animals to humans by direct and indirect pathways. Brucellosis can be confused with various infectious and non-infectious diseases because of its nonspecific clinical signs and symptoms such as fever, sweating, Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 2, ISSUE 2, AUGUST 2020

Antimicrobial Resistance and Molecular Patterns in Community-acquired Complicated Intra-abdominal Infections: A Multicentric Study

Vildan Avkan-Oğuz and others

Complicated intra-abdominal infection (cIAI) is defined as localized or diffuse peritonitis with the involvement of multiple intraperitoneal organs. Source control and appropriate empirical antibiotics are essentials of the treatment. There are few clinical and microbiologic studies regarding cIAI in Turkey. Empiric antibiotics were selected due to diagnoses; community-acquired IAI (CA-IAI) or healthcare-associated IAI. Guidelines published on this topic lack definitive criteria for CA-IAI. Read More

Case Report / VOLUME 2, ISSUE 3, DECEMBER 2020

Bacterial Meningitis Complicated by Venous Sinus Thrombosis: a Case of a Pregnant Woman

Petek Konya and Neşe Demirtürk

Bacterial meningitis is a severe infectious disease resulting in high mortality and morbidity throughout the world. The causative pathogens of bacterial meningitis depend on the patient’s age and predisposing factors such as after splenectomy or with a hyposplenic state, chronic kidney or liver disease, HIV infection, alcoholism, hypogammaglobulinaemia, diabetes mellitus and patients using immunosuppressive drugs. Read More

Case Report / VOLUME 2, ISSUE 3, DECEMBER 2020

Old but Ageless Disease: Neurosyphilis with Ocular Manifestations in an HIV-Negative Patient

Süda Tekin and others

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by Treponema pallidum . Primary and secondary syphilis increased to a rate of 5.3 cases per 100 000 in 2013 from the rate of 2.1 per 100 000 in 2000. Neurosyphilis is the most feared and severe complication of syphilis and may occur at any time after the initial infection. Read More

Brief Report / VOLUME 3, ISSUE 1, APRIL 2021

Analysis of Scientific Publications on Acinetobacter bacteremia in Web of Science

Sevil Alkan and others

Acinetobacter species are gaining resistance to antibiotics, and they have become one of the most important pathogens causing nosocomial and healthcare-associated infections, especially in intensive care units, due to their ability to lead to epidemics. A. baumannii, particularly the multidrug-resistant isolates, have been reported worldwide, especially in recent years. It causes mortality up to 40%, especially because of increased antibiotic resistance Read More

Case Report / VOLUME 3, ISSUE 1, APRIL 2021

Tick Borne Disease Induced Pancytopenia

Mina Said and Ekta Tirthani

Pancytopenia has a wide differential diagnosis. One of the uncommon and often missed causes is tick-borne illnesses, mainly Human Monocytic Ehrlichiosis (HME) / Human Granulocytic Anaplasmosis (HGA) and Babesiosis, though the specific mechanism of the former is still unknown. Noteworthy to mention is that the tests for tick-borne diseases so far have poor validity, and also Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 3, ISSUE 1, APRIL 2021

The Impact of C Reactive Protein in Prediction of the Outcome in Infective Endocarditis

Serap Şimşek-Yavuz and others

Infective endocarditis (IE), among the most common life-threatening infection, is a serious disease causing substantial morbidity and mortality. Determining at-risk patients and following them up closely with appropriate interventions are necessary to decrease complications and mortality. Treatment response to infective endocarditis is followed up with the combination of relief of symptoms, blood cultures, echocardiographic investigations and laboratory tests. A simple and widely available test Read More

Case Report / VOLUME 3, ISSUE 3, DECEMBER 2021

Listeria Bacteremia: Don’t Underestimate Gastroenteritis in Elderly

Halime Araz and others

Listeria monocytogenes is a rare, self-limiting cause of gastroenteritis in healthy adults. It is generally transmitted through foods such as meat, raw vegetables, milk, and dairy products. It can cause life-threatening invasive infections in (...) Read More