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Original Article / VOLUME 4, ISSUE 2, JUNE 2022

West Nile Virus Seroprevalence in Manisa Province: A Population-based Study

Abdurrahman Gülmez and others

West Nile Virus (WNV) is an enveloped RNA virus with icosahedral symmetry and with a size of 45-50 nm belonging to the family Flaviviridae, genus Flavivirus (1). The virus, which was first isolated from a woman living in the West Nile region of Uganda in 1937, was noted with consecutive outbreaks in North Africa (...) Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 4, ISSUE 1, MARCH 2022

ANTIBACDUS-PAN: Antibacterial Utilization among Adult Patients Before and During COVID-19 Pandemic within 12-Months Period: A Tertiary Hospital Pharmacoepidemiology Study

Ege Anıl Uçar and others

Rational use of medicines (RUM) has been a concern worldwide for half a century, and is of great importance, given that almost half of all prescribed drugs are irrational. The irrational use of drugs can be disastrous and may cause adverse events, creating a (...) Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 4, ISSUE 1, MARCH 2022

Evaluation of Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Treatment in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis B

Petek Konya and Neşe Demirtürk

Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is one of the major causes of chronic liver diseases worldwide. Around 296 million people were living with chronic hepatitis B infection in 2019, with 1.5 million new infections each year and more than 820 thousand people losing their life because of hepatitis B virus (HBV) related complications.  Chronic HBV (...) Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 4, ISSUE 1, MARCH 2022

Predictors of Severity and Mortality in COVID-19: A Retrospective Study from Batman, Turkey

Fethiye Akgül and others

At the beginning of the 21st century, three deadly epidemics related to coronaviruses have struck the world. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) originated in 2002, Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) in 2012, and finally COVID-19 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in December 2019. COVID-19 (...) Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 4, ISSUE 1, MARCH 2022

COVID-19 in Elderly Patients: Risk Factors for Disease Severity

Pınar Korkmaz and others

At the end of 2019, a novel coronavirus was identified as the cause of a cluster of pneumonia cases in Wuhan, a city in the Hubei Province of China. It spread rapidly, resulting in a pandemic throughout the world. In February 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) named the disease COVID-19. Studies reported that COVID-19 mostly progressed with asymptomatic (...) Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 4, ISSUE 1, MARCH 2022

Retrospective Evaluation of Risk Factors for Invasive Candida Infections in a Medical Intensive Care Unit

Mehmet Kürşat Bilgin and others

Fungal infections account for about 20% of all microbiological infections in critically ill patients. Candida species are the most common fungi in intensive care units (ICU) and mostly C. albicans. However, the rate of non-albicans Candida species such as C. tropicalis, C. krusei, C. parapsilosis, C. glabrata which are more resistant to antifungal therapy (...) Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 3, ISSUE 3, DECEMBER 2021

All-Cause Excess Mortality in 2020: The Example of Bursa City in Turkey

Kayıhan Pala and others

Estimations about confirmed COVID-19 deaths may be limited to the testing capacity and frequency, along with correct and complete reporting of the cause of deaths (1). The number of confirmed and probable COVID-19 deaths may not include people who (...) Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 3, ISSUE 3, DECEMBER 2021

Evaluation of Regulatory T Cells in Chronic Hepatitis C Patients

Yeşim Tuyji-Tok and others

Hepatitis C virus (HCV), defined as a non-A non-B hepatitis agent in 1989, is a hepatotropic, noncytopathic, positive-stranded ribonucleic acid (RNA) virus from the family Flaviviridae. HCV infection is an acute or chronic necroinflammatory (...) Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 3, ISSUE 3, DECEMBER 2021

Do the Most Cited Web Sources Provide Proper Information on Influenza Vaccination?

Elif Mukime Sarıcaoğlu and others

Influenza constitutes one of the major threats to the health system, affecting up to 10% of the world’s population every year. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) database, between 1999-2015, 291,000-646,000 deaths caused by influenza-associated respiratory disease(...) Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 3, ISSUE 2, AUGUST 2021

Diabetic Foot Infections and Outcomes: A Single Center Study

Derya Yapar and others

Diabetes is a widespread metabolic disease in the world. Diabetic foot, which develops in cases where diabetes control is not provided, is a clinical picture that impairs the quality of life of cases and sometimes leads to undesirable consequences including limb amputation. The global prevalence (...) Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 3, ISSUE 2, AUGUST 2021

The Effects of Polypharmacy, Nutritional and Functional Status on the Progression of COVID-19 in Older Adults

Asiye Bahar Kaçmaz and others

The SARS-CoV-2 infection has influenced the whole world and every day, both the number of cases and deaths related to the COVID-19 pandemic continue to rise. Eighty-one percent of COVID-19 cases are mild, 14% are serious and 5% are critical. Although the overall mortality rate was 2.3%, mortality (...) Read More

Original Article / VOLUME 3, ISSUE 2, AUGUST 2021

Infectivity of Adult and Pediatric COVID-19 Patients

Mahir Kapmaz and others

The clinical findings of SARS-CoV-2 infection are heterogeneous, and the duration of viral RNA shedding varies on the age of the patient, severity of the disease, and type of the sample. For that reason, a comprehensive analysis of the dynamics of viral shedding is critical for (...) Read More